Lifestyle-related diseases are on the rise in our country. These preventable chronic diseases are the outcome of our unhealthy choices. Identifying the causes of lifestyle diseases is critical.
Causes of Lifestyle Disease
1. Dehydration - Dehydration of the muscles and tendons is a primary cause of muscle fatigue
2. Malnutrition - The lack of living foods in our diet along with the overconsumption of dead foods causes chronic disease.
3. Inflammation – Inflammation is a primary cause of most lifestyle-related disorders, including heart disease.
4. Fatigue - Lack of sleep is associated with numerous, serious medical illnesses including: high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, obesity, and mental impairment.
5. Poor physical fitness – Lack of physical fitness increases the risk of chronic diseases.
6. Poor health habits - Smoking, alcohol, drug use/abuse, sugar, fast food, soft drinks, chocolate, artificial sweeteners, worry and stress pose an extremely negative impact on your health.
Types of Lifestyle Diseases
• Heart disease
• Sleep Disorders
• Gallbladder Disease
• Kidney and Liver Disease
• Alzheimer’s and Dementia
Threats of Lifestyle Diseases
A report, jointly prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Economic Forum, says India will incur an accumulated loss of $236.6 billion by 2015 on account of unhealthy lifestyles and faulty diet. According to the report, 60% of all deaths worldwide in 2005 (35 million) resulted from noncommunicable diseases and accounted for 44% of premature deaths. The age bracket of 21-52 years were found to be afflicted with lifestyle ailments such as obesity, depression, chronic backache, diabetes and hypertension.
Causes of a faulty lifestyle
Lifestyle diseases characterize those diseases whose occurrence is primarily based on daily habits of people and are a result of an inappropriate relationship of people with their environment. Long hours and working under strict deadlines cause up to 75% of working individuals to suffer from depression or general anxiety disorder, compared to individuals with lesser levels of psychological demand at work. Occupational lifestyle diseases include those caused by the factors present in the vicinity like heat, sound, dust, fumes, smoke, cold, and other pollutants. These factors are responsible for allergy, respiratory and hearing problems, and heat or cold shock.
How to avoid Lifestyle Diseases
A healthy lifestyle must be adopted to combat these diseases with a proper balanced diet, adequate physical activity and by putting importance on the biological clock. Kids who spend too much time slouched in front of the TV or PCs, should be encouraged to engage in physical sports or any physical activity they enjoy. Fun exercises should be encouraged on family outings. A pizza-and-video evening should be replaced by a hike and picnic weekend. To decrease the ailments caused by occupational postures, one should avoid long sitting hours and should take frequent breaks for stretching or for other works involving physical movements.